Next time you’re out to dinner, you may want to think twice before ordering your steak rare.In a first-of-its-kind study, Harvard researchers have shown that cooked meat provides more energy than raw meat, a finding that challenges the current food labeling system and suggests humans are evolutionarily adapted to take advantage of the benefits of cooking.Led by Rachel Carmody, a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology at Harvard’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and published online ahead of print this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS Early Edition), the research bridges the fields of human evolution and modern human nutrition.“Every day, humans in every global society devote time and energy to processing food — cooking it, grinding it, slicing it, pounding it — yet we don’t understand what effect these efforts have on the energy we extract from food, or the role they might have played in our evolution,” Carmody said. “It is astonishing, since energy gain is the primary reason we eat.”Though earlier studies had examined how cooking affects specific aspects of the digestive process, surprisingly, Carmody said, none had examined whether cooking affected the overall energy value of meat. In addition, no study had compared the energetic effects of cooking with those of non-thermal processing methods like pounding, whether for meat or starch-rich foods.“There had been no research that looked at the net effects — we had pieces that we could not integrate,” Carmody said. “We knew some of the mechanisms, but we didn’t know how they combined.”To examine those effects, researchers designed a unique experiment. Over 40 days, they fed two groups of mice a series of diets that consisted of either meat or sweet potatoes prepared in four ways — raw and whole, raw and pounded, cooked and whole, and cooked and pounded.Over the course of each diet, the researchers tracked changes in the body mass of the mice, controlling for how much they ate and ran on an exercise wheel. The results, Carmody said, clearly showed that cooked meat delivered more energy to the mice than raw meat. The same was true for sweet potatoes. In both foods, the energetic gains from cooking were greater than those from pounding, and cooking increased the energy gained from pre-pounded foods. Preference tests also revealed that hungry mice strongly preferred cooked foods, suggesting that the energetic benefits of a cooked diet were obvious to the subjects themselves.It’s a finding, Carmody said, that holds exciting implications for our understanding of human evolution.Though ancestral humans were eating meat as least 2.5 million years ago, without the ability to control fire, any meat in their diet was raw, though possibly pounded using primitive stone tools. Approximately 1.9 million years ago, however, a dramatic change began to occur. The bodies of early humans grew larger. Their brains increased in size and complexity. Adaptations for long-distance running appeared.Earlier theories suggested these energetically costly changes were made possible by increased quantities of meat in the diet. However the results of the new research support another, albeit complementary, hypothesis — that cooking allowed humans to extract more energy from the foods they were already eating, both meat and widely available starch-rich tubers.Richard Wrangham, the Ruth Moore Professor of Biological Anthropology and master of Currier House, proposed that idea years ago, but the new study provides the first hard evidence to support it.“I’m a biologist by training,” Wrangham said. “If you want to understand the anatomical, physiological and behavioral features of a species, its diet is the first thing you ask about. If you want to know what makes a giraffe tick, it’s the fact that it eats leaves from the tops of trees. If you want to understand the shape of a flea, it’s because it eats blood. But with humans, our adaptations have in general been seen as being the result of our ability to use our brains. Because that approach focuses on problem-solving it strays from the fundamental biological concept of species being adapted to a particular type of diet, and lures us into thinking that we have no particular kind of dietary adaptation.“That’s why Rachel’s work is so important,” he continued. “For the first time, we have a clear answer to why cooking is so important cross-culturally and biologically — because it gives us increased energy. Life is all about energy.”However, the impacts of the study, which Carmody co-authored with Wrangham and Gil Weintraub, then a Harvard undergraduate and now a medical student at UCLA, aren’t limited to the early days of human evolution. The findings also lay bare some shortcomings in the Atwater system, the calorie-measurement tool used to produce modern food labels.“The system is based on principles that don’t reflect actual energy availability,” Carmody said. “First, the human gastrointestinal tract includes a whole host of bacteria, and those bacteria metabolize some of our food for their own benefit. Atwater doesn’t discriminate between food that is digested by the human versus the bacteria. Second, it doesn’t account for the energy spent digesting food, which can be substantial. In both cases, processing increases the energy accrued to the human. Such evidence suggests that food labels do not properly account for the effects of food processing.”In this way, the new research could help inform how food scientists tackle two of the thorniest of dietary challenges — the prevalence of obesity in Western nations, and malnutrition in developing parts of the world.“As human evolutionary biologists, we think about energetic gain as being something positive — it allows for growth, maintenance and reproduction, and it is therefore a critical component of a species’ evolutionary fitness,” Carmody said. “But the question in the modern world is: If we now have the problem of excess as opposed to deficit, is that still a positive?“This work illuminates that the tools we currently use to understand caloric intake, both in cases of malnutrition and cases of obesity, are suboptimal. They’ve been based on the assumption that the human body is a perfectly efficient digestion machine, when, in fact, it’s not — but we now see that its efficiency is affected by food processing, particularly cooking.”The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Harvard Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology, and the Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced Study.
By Lorena Baires/Diálogo September 09, 2016 Thanks to a cooperation agreement signed July 12th in the Salvadoran capital, the Chilean Armed Forces and the National Academy of Political and Strategic Studies (ANEPE per its Spanish acronym) will share its academic advances in the areas of teaching and research on security and defense matters with the Salvadoran Armed Forces’ Superior Strategic Studies College (CAEE per its Spanish acronym). For the Salvadoran Minister of Defense, David Munguía Payés, the CAEE has opened the door for its students to acquire new knowledge, skills and ways of working within the modern armed forces. “We are making the desire to collaborate between the two institutions official; it will foster cooperation in areas of common interest. Our mission is to create strategic leaders who can evaluate our present and future challenges with new perspectives on how to address them,” expressed Minister Munguía. In the opinion of Chile’s Minister of Defense, José Antonio Gómez, the agreement has laid out a new bridge of cooperation that will facilitate the passing on of successful experiences through senior-level instructors and officers at ANEPE. “We have had a working relationship for years. Chile is collaborating with El Salvador, and we intend to continue doing that, now from the academy. Thus, we further strengthen bonds of friendship between the two armed forces,” Minister Gómez said. Both, Major General Felipe Arancibia Clavel, director of ANEPE, and Colonel Roberto Artiga Chicas, director of CAEE, believe that this agreement between the two educational institutions will allow for a better, permanent teaching connection in the military sphere. ANEPE is a higher education institution in Chile that develops teaching, research, and outreach activities aimed at increasing knowledge of defense and security matters, both for armed forces and law enforcement personnel, as well as for the private sector; it is, thus, a point of contact between the civilian population and the military. “One of this academy’s fundamental objectives is to be a national and international meeting place. We have a select number of internal and external professors, and we have the constant support of the Armed Forces, which has made notable efforts to bring us prestigious academics,” highlighted Maj. Gen. Arancibia. His counterpart at the CAEE, Colonel Artiga, took advantage of the opportunity to tell those in attendance that the college has cultivated an environment that fosters individual and collective intellectual thinking, as well as helping to continue modernizing how each of its organizational components constantly learns. “The CAEE’s academic and professional goals have allowed us to create expectations among Salvadoran social leaders and officers interested in studying, analyzing and interpreting the political, economic, social and military situation, both nationally and internationally,” Col. Artiga expressed. One of the most recent academic exchanges between the two countries was the development of a seminar on “Preparation of White Papers on Defense and Modernization of Defense Systems Structure,” in April 2016. According to the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States, white papers are public documents which outline strategic policy frameworks for defense planning. They also outline the appropriate role for the armed forces of a country, within the context of that country’s priorities, as well as legal frameworks and resources. Chile had the opportunity to share its experience with 31 Salvadoran officers, who acquired new knowledge and analyzed the security environment of both countries, both domestically and internationally. “These types of activities are important because we assess a different vision on how to design white papers and defense system structures. This allowed us to share our experiences, which is a very enriching dynamic for our officers,” said Salvadoran Brigadier General Willy Lara, commander of the Salvadoran Armed Forces (FAES) First Military Zone, and one of the seminar’s participants. In the coming weeks, ANEPE and CAEE will create an exchange agenda to develop academic, social and military activities that will allow the knowledge of the members of these entities to be elevated. The FAES has worked alongside Chile’s Armed Forces in United Nations Peace Support Operations. Pursuant to resolution 2180 of the UN Security Council, the FAES has been a member of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) since February 2013, with 136 military members in the SALCON contingents, attached to the 24th Chile Battalion.
2SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr From childhood to college, Stephanie Zuleger wanted to be a medical doctor. Ironically, she always had an aversion to blood and needles, but the thought of being able to help other people motivated her.While Zuleger’s career veered in a direction drastically different from medicine, she’s still helping people by developing solutions for members and employees as chief lending officer at the $920 million Y-12 Federal Credit Union in Oak Ridge, Tenn.The most recent Women to Watch honoree said she feels most empowered when she’s trusted to make decisions or lead a new endeavor. Her boss has invested in her and she’s passed those same lessons to her own team. continue reading »
It will be its first generation of students Raise the Bar Academy receive in October this year, and anyone who does not get the opportunity to participate in the first cycle will be able to do so in early February 2020 when the selection for the 15 participants of the second cycle of the program begins. You can sign up for the Raise the Bar program HERE Applications to the program Raise the bar last until September 15 this year, and all interested applicants with at least one year of experience in the hospitality industry can apply on the website of Coca-Cola HBC Croatia. The entire educational program is divided into theoretical and practical part, and lasts a total of 12 weeks. The curriculum includes knowledge necessary for successful work in the hospitality industry, including a comprehensive overview of markets and trends, training in history, classification, production and tasting of all categories of spirits, beer, wine and coffee, theoretical and practical knowledge of recipes 75 classic cocktails and making your own cocktail ingredients. Participants will be introduced to the choice of jobs in the catering facility and trained in practical knowledge and basics of management in the hospitality industry. Classes are for all participants free, and those who successfully complete it receive a certificate from Coca-Cola HBC Croatia and EBS. Applications run until September 15th This socially responsible project is aimed at harmonizing the skills and knowledge of young people with the needs of employers in the hospitality and tourism industry, and in addition offers them knowledge applicable in real business conditions. Lectures will be held in the educational center Raise the Bar Academy in the Coca-Cola space in Zagreb equipped with modern equipment, the necessary aids and resources for practical classes, which means working in simulated real conditions. Classes are conducted according to the curriculum developed in collaboration with European Bartender School (EBS), one of the world ‘s leading bartending schools whose educational program is internationally recognized in 29 countries. The first cycle of the program in October will bring together 15 participants who will have the opportunity to learn from the best catering experts and master the latest techniques recognized by the Coca-Cola HBC Croatia and European Bartender School. Coca-Cola has involved some of the best catering experts in the implementation of the program. Coca-Cola brand ambassador and bartender with many years of experience Kruno Rozic will teach mixology, Andrea Klemenčić bar management, co-owner of Noel Ivan Jug will lead modules on wines and service, and the founder of Zmajska pivovara Andrej Čapka about beer. The center will be supported by many other bartenders who will share their experience and knowledge during short guest lectures. It needs to be filled out application form and send a video clip in which the gateway introduces itself. After completing the applications, the Coca-Cola expert team will select 15 participants for the first, autumn, cycle of the program based on the evaluation of all parts of the application and a short interview. In order to contribute to solving the problem of lack of qualified workforce in catering and tourism, Coca-Cola HBC Croatia is launching a free educational program in October this year Raise the bar intended for waiters, bartenders and baristas.
More than 390 calls for assistance were made to the state’s emergency services since Sunday, mostly from the Perth metropolitan area, the Department of Fire and Emergency Services Chief Superintendent Danny Mosconi told ABC Radio.Pilbara Ports Authority said port operations in the Pilbara had not been affected, but elevated swell led to some minor shipping schedule changes at the Port of Dampier, which is used by Rio Tinto.The biggest oil and gas operators in WA, Chevron , Woodside Petroleum and Santos, said there was no impact on their operations in the minerals-rich state.BHP Group said their was no major impact to its operations. Rio Tinto declined to comment.Topics : Around 50,000 customers were without power on Monday due to storm-related outages, utility Western Power said, as the remnants of Cyclone Mangga hit a cold front and brought squalling rain and emergency level storm warnings to the south of the state.”New damage from the windborne debris has meant the overall number of impacted homes and businesses remains high,” it said on Twitter. Wild weather downed trees and left tens of thousands of people without power in Western Australia, as emergency services began cleaning up in Perth on Monday after some of the worst weather in a decade.Wind speeds of up to 132 km/hour (82 mph) were registered at Cape Leeuwin, one of the state’s most south-westerly points early on Monday, the strongest May gusts in 15 years, according to the Australia Broadcasting Corp.”Some wild weather has affected large parts of WA, causing widespread damage and large scale power outages. Please listen to the advice of emergency services and stay safe everyone,” Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said on social media.
“It s a great indicator that the property market is navigating extremely well in the region as real estate continues to transact under current COVID-19 restrictions.”Sold by Julie Mahoney of Ray White, the property last went for $530,000 in January 2015, according to Realestate.com.au.With its grand marina-berth, banks of shimmering glass, a swimming pool and views from every room of the ocean, marina, pool or Castle Hill, 8/48-55 Sir Leslie Thiess Drive was one of four homes listed at over the $2 million price range in Townsville and its greater region and sold on April 23.Although these properties are rare, the appetite for them is there. The $2.2 million home at 8 Boulder Court, Nelly Bay, entered the market before COVID-19 hit, but is still attracting plenty of attention from local and interstate buyers. 8 Boulder Crt, Nelly Bay, is on sale for $2.2 million.“We’re still seeing inquiries, especially online. The great majority of our buyers, especially in the upper end of the market, are from NSW and Victoria, so obviously they can’t travel at the moment,” said Alex Strens of Best of Magnetic Real Estate.“It was only last Saturday that townsfolk could start coming back over to the island on the ferries, so we’ve been very restricted for a few weeks.“Because a lot more people are looking at properties online at the moment, because a lot of them are at home, we are seeing a lot of inquiries from people who are just basically doing their research online.“Especially for the Magnetic Island market, what we do see is people doing their research from down south in April/May. It starts getting a bit colder down there and they start dreaming about moving up, then they’ll look to come and inspect during the winter months.More from news01:21Buyer demand explodes in Townsville’s 2019 flood-affected suburbs12 Sep 202001:21‘Giant surge’ in new home sales lifts Townsville property market10 Sep 2020“So hopefully if interstate travel opens up again soon-ish, then they should be able to come up and look around at properties and that’s when the great majority of our sales happen.” 1 Balmoral Place, Castle Hill, is on sale for $2 million.In a recent article on Realestate.com.au, the reasons why Townsville was witnessing an influx of excited buyers during what has been one of the nation’s toughest financial quarters was explored. After more than a decade of subdued activity, buyers are starting to recognise and understand the good opportunity Townsville provides.Primed for recovery, Townsville is currently in the midst of an opportune time for buyers to purchase their next home or investment property.Agent and auctioneer Dean Dank, from Explore Property Townsville, said he was optimistic about the current state of the market, and the future.“I think the cities are going to take a bit of a hit because people will want to move regionally after what’s happened with Covid,” he said. “What’s going to put a bit more pressure on buyers is that 30 per cent less listings have come onto the market according to REA, and with that comes less competition because their properties are selling, so there’s less to choose from.“(This should mean) buyers will act a little bit more quickly, so we’ll get closer to that list price; it’s just a statistical kind of thing.” Push to lift bans on open homes and auctions 8/48-55 Sir Leslie Thiess Drive, Townsville City, sold for about $2 million.IN what has been dubbed one of Townsville’s biggest real estate sales in the past decade, 8/48-55 Sir Leslie Thiess Drive has sold for about $2 million.Real Estate Institute of Queensland chief executive Antonia Mercorella said: “Achieving a $2 million sale is not often heard of in Townsville. There is active demand for high-end properties over the $1 million plus price point, but to see $2 million achieved is remarkable,” she said. MORE Townsville marina apartment sells in 15 minutes Townsville region is primed for a housing recovery
LifestyleRelationships How Do You Shed Guilt from Your Past?. by: – May 9, 2011 Share Tweet Sharing is caring! Share 31 Views no discussions Share It’s only human to make mistakes, and we all have done things of which we’re not proud.Although time can blur the memory and alleviate the pain of stressful incidents from our past, often it’s not a simple task to overcome the guilt that stems from actions in our past. This could be something as relatively innocuous as telling a small lie or as profound and life-changing as cheating on someone in a romantic relationship.It isn’t easy to live with this kind of burden, especially since guilt fuels the fire that keeps the conscience alive. Guilt’s primary purpose is to make us acknowledge the wrongness of our actions so we don’t repeat those same mistakes. But it’s important to realize that once guilt brings you to that point, there remains no reason for you to cling to it or be burdened by it. That said, overcoming guilt is often more easily said than done.Frequently our memories of past actions can become so incredibly ingrained in our subconscious that it seems almost impossible to release the guilt associated with it. As a result, our increased level of shame makes it even more challenging to get over the guilt. However, therapy that re-programs the subconscious through clinical hypnosis can help you release shameful memories.How Clinical Hypnosis WorksThe language of visuals are readily understood by the subconscious mind; therefore, visualization exercises that send messages to the subconscious and breathing exercises that calm the conscious mind can aide in clinical hypnosis therapy.Knowing we have harmed or hurt someone can cause grave guilt, and to get over that shame might require the help of a trained therapist. However, when the guilt and shame are not so profound, engaging in self-hypnosis exercises can help you release these painful memories and the associated shame and guilt.Try this simple self-hypnosis exercise:1. Sit or lie in a comfortable position.2. Close your eyes.3. Breathe deeply, paying close attention to every inhale and exhale.4. Feel every in breath travel to the pit of your stomach as you feel your body relax with every out breath.5. Imagine you are breathing in white light and positive energy with every inhale and breathing out all your stress and anxiety with every exhale.6. Visualize a beam of white light entering your body through the top of your head, and allow the light to travel to every part of your body.7. Focus on each part of your body as the light travels to it, allowing the light to relax every muscle, cell and fiber of your body.8. Let the light leave your body through the soles of your feet.9. Now envision yourself standing on a beach.10. Feel the refreshing sea breeze brush you face and the wet sand relax the soles of your feet. 11. Take your time to admire the vastness of the sea while you gaze as far as your vision extends. Look toward the horizon and admire the gorgeous illusion of the earth meeting the sky.12. Now look at your feet, where you will find a wooden stick lying nearby.13. Pick up the stick and write in the sand the names of those whom you have hurt/abused or from whom you seek forgiveness.14. Now imagine that a wave clears away all the names you have written.15. Send up a silent prayer requesting forgiveness from the universe and everyone you have hurt, letting the sea of life wash away the guilty memories of your past.16. Take your time to say what you want to everyone from whom you wish to ask forgiveness.17.Relax, then slowly, open your eyes.Frequently repeating this exercise can assist you in resolving your past shame. That said, this does not mean you will be able to release the karmic baggage associated with your actions or even condone them. However, it will help you leave behind the past so you can offer yourself another chance to become a better person.By:GalTimer and Life Coach Karen Kleinwort
Iligan was caught after he sold a sachetof suspected shabu to an undercover officer for P500 around 12:12 a.m. on Jan.13, a police report showed. When frisked, five more sachets ofsuspected illegal drugs were recovered from his possesion. BACOLOD City – A man was arrested in a drugbuy-bust operation in Barangay Dancalan, Ilog, Negros Occidental. The suspect was detained in thecustodial facility of the Ilog municipal police station, facing charges forviolation of Republic Act 9165, or the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of2002./PN Police identified him as Shaolin Iligan,33,a resident of the said village.
“If we have enough resources and thegovernment can do it, and it is already imperative for the government to do it,gagawan po natin ‘yan (masstesting),” the DOH official added.Vergeire also said that, for now, people in the Philippines who can only betested for COVID-19 are those who have been showing severe symptoms of thedisease, the elderly and high-risk pregnant women.“‘Yung mga napapabalita po na maydelay, totoo po ‘yun. We are beingchallenged right now with our testing capacity and laboratory capacity,”Vergeire said.The DOH on Saturday confirmed there were 77 new positive COVID-19 cases,bringing the total to 307. The death toll due to COVID-19 in the country is 19and 13 patients have recovered from the disease./PN MANILA – The Department of Health (DOH) saidmass testing of Filipinos for the dreaded coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) isnot yet necessary even if confirmed cases in the country have reached the 200 mark.“Sa ngayon po, hindi pa naman nakikitangkailangan nating gawin itong mass testing na ito,” according to DOH Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeiresaid that, citing challenges in the government’s testing and laboratorycapacities. “Sa ngayon po, hindi pa naman nakikitang kailangan nating gawin itong mass testing na ito,” says Health Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeire, citing challenges in the government’s testing and laboratory capacities. PNA
ONE Englishman was left beaming with pride when Shai Hope’s devotion to crease occupation secured a historic Test match victory and a place in the first-class record books.For Hope’s historic Headingley hundreds reminded Alan Wells, who had the most fleeting of associations with Test cricket himself in the mid-90s, of an early episode in their relationship at Bede’s, an independent school nestled in the countryside of East Sussex.One that confirmed his pupil was at odds with both his 16 years and the Twenty20 generation into which he was born, as a devoted disciple of the art of ‘batsmanship’ rather than a Bajan braggadocio. Beneath the Cantona collars lurked a serious talent.“His approach to practice was exemplary. I remember stopping him before he went into a net once and asking him what his objective was for that session. He told me it was the same as every other time he walked in. I said: “What’s that?” His answer: “I never want to get out”.’Alan Wells, the school’s director of cricket, Shai Hope celebrates after reaching his sensed he was a natural leader.The high price the 23-year-old placed on his wicket at Leeds was integral to West Indies’ win and, strikingly, the first occurrence of a player celebrating three figures twice in a match since first-class cricket was first played there in 1890. It was Hope’s coming of age as an international player, a journey accelerated by his time as a sixth form boarder at Bede’s.Since 2010, Wells, the school’s director of cricket, has regularly headed out to Bridgetown to hand-pick a scholar for a programme jointly funded with the Barbados Cricket Association. Hope was his first draft.“What stood out about Shai? His passion for the game – it’s in his blood with his brother Kyle and father Ian – his determination to improve, and after watching him practise I knew he would be willing to work really hard, to sacrifice a lot to fulfil his potential.”Bede’s has a rich cricket pedigree. Their Under-15 team were crowned national champions this summer. Wells’ eldest son Luke – the Sussex left-hander, who has struck 15 first-class hundreds – and Middlesex’s England Lions spinner Ollie Rayner are former first XI captains.Despite being an outsider, Wells identified Hope to follow in their footsteps, and appointed him captain for both his years at the school.“He was a very mature cricketer and a very natural leader because of his obvious determination to succeed through hard work. He was therefore a great role model for everyone that came into contact with him,” Wells said.“We will never forget him for the wonderful young man he was but also the lasting legacy he has left. In Sussex schools cricket people still talk about Shai and some of the innings he played against Eastbourne College and Ardingly College. The people that witnessed them have not forgotten.”Particularly one against Ardingly in which he struck 178 not out and took Abi Sakande, an England Under-19 at the time and now on the Sussex staff, apart.“Shai didn’t think he was bowling fast enough at him, so he stood about two metres down the pitch so it would come on a bit quicker, and he just kept smacking him into the trees for six – it was just extraordinary,” Wells recalls.The fact that the pair remain in close contact is “100% a reflection on him as a character” according to Wells: “He still sends me birthday wishes and Christmas greetings, stuff like that. I am so proud of him and his achievements.”Yesterday morning’s text message reflected fatigue. Wells’ response was to remind his former pupil of the offer made at the start of West Indies’ tour – a ticket with his name on it for the series finale at Lord’s.