The quality of a performance is largely determined by how skilful the performer is.Different skills are needed to perform and participate in different sport activities. The individual becomes familiar with these skills by practising, which eventually leads to mastering the skill. Once the skills are mastered, they can be executed effectively, consistently and efficiently within a competitive game or activity.Therefore, we can define skill as the learnt ability to choose and perform consistently the right techniques (basic patterns of movements) at the right time with maximum certainty and efficiency.Types of skillThere are many different sports and an amazing variety of physical skills. Physical skills involve the movement of the body and are normally called motor skills.Motor skills take time to learn and are the result of a series of mental and physical processes developed through practice.Some motor skills involve movement of a large group of muscles. These are known as gross motor skills. Example: activities that use large blocks of muscle to produce powerful and skilful movement such as javelin throws.Other motor skills involve the movement of a small group of muscles. These are called fine motor skills. Example: the action of the wrist movement in a badminton shot. Gross and fine motor skills need to be repeated consistently for successful performance.Motor skills can be divided into open and closed types. The division between open and closed skills is based on the type of situation or environment in which the skills are used.Open skillsThese are performed in situations that continually change and the player has to keep adapting to the changes as they happen. Successful performance depends on the player’s ability to see what is going on, accurately interpret what is happening, anticipate and act in the right way at the right moment. Example: intercepting passes, moving into position to receive passes and saving a goal, etc.Closed skillsThese are performed in predictable and stable conditions. You have to try to produce the movement in the same way each time. Skills such as cartwheels in gymnastics and free shots in basketball are examples.Most motor skills in sports lie somewhere between open and closed and can be considered as being at either end of a continuous system or continuum. Between the two ends of the continuum are skills made up of both open and closed elements. A continuum is a line which allows for skills made up of open and closed elements to be shown.All skills need to be practised under conditions as close as possible to those that they are going to be performed in. Open skills need to be practised in situations that involve change. Closed skills need to be practised in exactly the same way each time – repetitively. Skills with open and closed elements need both types of practice.Phases of skill learningThe learning of skills goes through phases. The length of each will depend on the difficulty of the skill, level of ability and the amount of practice. The three distinct phases are the cognitive, the associative, and the autonomous.ï Cognitive phase – This is the beginner’s phase. The skill is new. Clear demonstrations, simple instructions and practice are needed. Emphasis must be on technique and not outcome. A lot of errors, jerky performance and inaccuracies will occur. However, praises for correct actions must be given.ï Associative phase – Techniques are learnt and the concentration is on practising the skill. Performance improves, fewer errors are made, and the individual begins to analyse movements and make corrections through internal (use of senses) and external (the coach) feedback.ï Autonomous phase – Expertise is developed and the skill is now performed automatically. The skill is now performed consistently, effectively and efficiently. More concentration is on decision making concerning strategies and tactics. Example: a tennis player concerned about where to play the best shot, rather than the shot itself.Knowing about the different phases helps coaches to plan training activities that match the development of each performer. It is important to learn the skill correctly as you move through the phases because bad habits in the cognitive or associative phases can be difficult to correct later.Next week: Factors affecting performance.
NAGPUR, India (AP): New Zealand’s spinners inflicted a shock 47-run defeat on tournament favourites India in the first game of the Super 10 stage at the ICC World Twenty20 yesterday. Left-arm spinner Mitchell Santner grabbed 4-11, leg-spinner Ish Sodhi took 3-18 and off-spinner Nathan McCullum added 2-15 on a helpful pitch as India were bowled out for 79 in 18.1 overs. New Zealand had earlier reached 126-7 in the Group Two match. Captain Kane Williamson’s decision to go in with three spinners paid off as India, which came into the tournament with 10 wins in 11 previous T20 games, failed to come to terms with the slow pitch. New Zealand have now beaten India in all five T20 games between the two teams, including two times at the World Twenty20. India had beaten South Africa inside three days in a Test here last year, but the turn on offer this time proved detrimental. Sodhi struck first ball as the in-form Virat Kohli (23) edged one to the wicketkeeper, at which stage India were 39-5. Captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni tried to rally his team, but his knock of 30 was of little use. “It was a low-scoring wicket,” Dhoni said. “I thought we restricted them to a good total, but the batting let us down. The shot selection kept putting pressure on the batsmen coming in. “They bowled well and exploited the conditions, but we lacked adaptability. We could have applied ourselves more.” Earlier, India restricted New Zealand to a moderate total with left-hander Corey Anderson holding the innings together. He scored 34 before being dismissed by pace bowler Jasprit Bumrah while trying to scoop the ball towards fine leg. Luke Ronchi got an unbeaten 21 off 11 balls down the order. “It was a tough surface,” Williamson said. “Any score was going to be tough here, but we would have liked to have a few more. We went in with this bowling attack after we had a look at the conditions.”
Buchanan’s strike condemned St George’s College to only their third loss at Winchester Park since 2007. A fired-up Buchanan, who was one of the former champions’ standout performers on the day and also this season, due to his powerful dribbling skills and ability to play on both sides of the field, said he was anticipating a good performance against the St George’s team. “Well, it’s a great feeling scoring against St George’s College. Anytime scoring against STGC, it’s a great feeling. I am very happy,” Buchanan added. Excelsior High will welcome Tivoli Gardens today in a game that should bring a comfortable win for Buchanan and his teammates. THIRD LOSS Influential Excelsior High school footballer Thorne Buchanan says he is ready to lead his Mountain View-based outfit to success in this season’s ISSA/FLOW Manning Cup competition after another solid outing in his last game. The skillful attacking player scored a clever 17th-minute penalty strike against many-time champions St George’s College in a spirited contest, which saw his school slide one point ahead of the ‘light blues’ in the race for group honours. The result was an important one in what seems destined to be a hard-fought Group A, with the teams scheduled to replay a match, which was called off on September 20, due to the sudden death of Dominic James – St George’s former captain. Buchanan described the win as a special one and said that he was also looking forward to their next coming together. “Yes, playing George’s again, hard work again, next victory. We are looking forward to it. I am motivated for this game, especially,” Buchanan stressed. “This can be a big year for me. I just need to continue putting in the work and performing. I am looking forward to scoring at least 12 goals, but I am heading for more,” he told The Gleaner in reference to what was his fifth goal of the season, last week.
MOST READ For the second straight year, Leo Austria, Chito Victolero, and Tim Cone will man the sidelines for the PBA All-Star teams in the three-leg 2018 PBA All-Star Weekend slated in May.ADVERTISEMENT Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next P16.5-M worth of aid provided for Taal Volcano eruption victims — NDRRMC Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Green group flags ‘overkill’ use of plastic banderitas in Manila Sto. Niño feast Jo Koy draws ire for cutting through Cebu City traffic with ‘wang-wang’ Scientists seek rare species survivors amid Australia flames LATEST STORIES With their teams finishing in the top three this past 2018 PBA Philippine Cup, the coaches from all three SMC teams are once again tasked to lead squads taking on Gilas Pilipinas in the midseason extravaganza on May 23 to 27.Leading San Miguel to its fourth straight Philippine Cup title, Austria will handle Luzon anew, while Victolero and Cone swap assignments this time as they charge for Visayas and Mindanao teams, respectively.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownCone will have the first dibs at the nationals with lead vote-getter Scottie Thompson, Jio Jalalon, Mac Belo, and former players Peter June Simon and Mark Barroca in tow in the Mindanao All-Stars squad in Digos City on May 23.Austria and the Luzon All-Stars team bannered by Calvin Abueva, LA Tenorio, Japeth Aguilar, Paul Lee, and Jayson Castro take on Gilas on May 25 in Batangas City. ‘Stop romanticizing Pinoy resilience’ Truck driver killed in Davao del Sur road accident Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Victolero and the Visayas All-Stars, anchored by four-time MVP June Mar Fajardo, along with James Yap, Kiefer Ravena, Terrence Romeo, and Greg Slaughter round up the festivities in Ilo-ilo City on May 27.Last year, the Victolero-coached Mindanao selection was the only team that got a favorable result, settling for a 114-all draw against Gilas Pilipinas.Both the Austria-mentored Luzon squad (122-111) and the Cone-led Visayas crew (125-112) absorbed defeats at the hands of the national team.ADVERTISEMENT Close-knit Pacers’ bond gets tested with season on the line Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
The Fort St. John library is joining others around the province in preparing for the latest round of cuts.Most libraries have been bracing for the cuts for weeks, but the official announcement was made by Education Minister Margaret MacDiarmid on Thursday. MacDiarmid confirmed the government will cut provincial grants to libraries by 22 per cent in the September budget, meaning a drop of around 3.9 million across BC. – Advertisement -President of the B.C. Libraries Trustees Association Andy Ackerman says the Fort St. John library’s cuts could have been a lot worse. [asset|aid=1777|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=880cea142dfad670c7192eb094505352-Ackerman 1_6_Pub.mp3] Now, the Provincial government’s funding makes up only 18 per cent of the revenue to the local library. The majority of the funding comes from the city, and some comes from the Regional District. Advertisement Phillips says she is impressed with the amount people who wrote letters, made phone calls, and showed their support to the local library when talks were in place.She says the library’s traffic has increased in the economic downturn, and libraries will continue to be essential to the community. The B.C. Government and Services Union, which represents more than 200 library workers across the province, says some libraries in smaller towns and cities won’t be as lucky. The Province’s grants make up more than 50 per cent of their total revenue for the year, and go toward literacy programming, funding interlibrary loans, licensing online resources, and much more. Chair of the Fort St. John Library Lori Phillips says the local library won’t get off scot-free, and some of programs will have to be cut, including the Books for Babies, Electronic Database, and the Writers in Library’s program. [asset|aid=1778|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=85934b48e946b18ce94ce74674b8b590-Phillips 1_1_Pub.mp3]A Facebook group called Stop B.C. Library Cuts, was set up to garner support for decreasing the overall cuts. It says now that the announcement has been made, the library community will work with the province over the next weeks as the details are finalized. It also says issues of equity and supporting collaboration will continue to be high priorities.Advertisement
Slaven Bilic has told his West Ham players to embrace the emotion of their final match at Upton Park.The Hammers will run out at a packed Boleyn Ground for the last time when they host Manchester United on Tuesday night.To add extra spice to what is already a momentous occasion for the club, they also need a victory to keep their bid to qualify for the Europa League on track.And their visitors will be in no mood to roll over as Louis van Gaal’s side are right back in the chase for a top-four finish and Champions League qualification.Yet Bilic is counting on his players to rise to the occasion, rather than be overawed by it.“It’s impossible to lose the emotion,” said the Hammers boss.“Let’s say if the game didn’t mean a lot to us or to Manchester United, in the sense of this season, it would be big anyway because it’s the last game at Upton Park.“But it means a lot to them and to us – both things have clicked, so it’s big, big. It can’t be bigger.“If they beat us they are very close to fourth place and for us, if we want to secure a Europa League slot, we need to beat them. It’s massive.“So the players would be emotional even if just one of those couple of things were involved. But there’s nothing wrong with being emotional.” West Ham boss Slaven Bilic (pictured) wants his side to ‘secure a Europa League spot’ 1
Sport plays a huge part in the lives of many people in Donegal and this again will be highlighted in a special event in which Mr John Treacy, Chief Executive Officer of the Irish Sports Council together with Minister of State Dinny McGinley will attend.Both men will be guests of honour for a special sports event in the Aura Leisure Centre, Letterkenny to help celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Donegal Sports Partnership.The event, which takes place on December 2nd commencing at 7:00pm, will also see the launch of ‘Active Donegal 2011 – 2014’ which is the company’s new strategic plan. Over the past ten years the Local Sports Partnership in Donegal has been supporting and promoting sport and physical activity in the North West with many new and innovative initiatives being developed to encourage greater participation in sport.Among the recent developments have been;• The establishment of a dedicated education and training programme for sports club development, for schools and communities.• A Sports Inclusion Disability Project which provides participation opportunities for People with Disabilities (a report on the progress of this project will be available on the night) • A cross border sports programme which develops cross community and cross border opportunities.• Walking and cycling initiatives to support community development.The first part of the night in the Aura Sports Centre will showcase many of the organisations programmes where groups of young and the not so young will provide a demonstration of fun physical activities followed by the launch of ‘Active Donegal 2011 – 2014’Also taking place on the night will be the presentation of the Donegal County Council Sports Bursary Awards where Mayor of Donegal, Cllr Noel McBride along with County Manager, Seamus Neely will present the counties elite athletes with bursaries to support their ongoing training and development.Donegal Sports Partnership invites anyone with an interest in sport and physical activity to come along on Friday 2nd December in the Aura Letterkenny Leisure Complex and enjoy the festivities which will commence at 7:00pm sharp. Anyone interested in coming along on the night should let the Donegal Sports Partnership staff know either via email to email@example.com or by calling 074 9116078 or16079.OLYMPIAN TREACY TO LAUNCH DONEGAL SPORTS PARTNERSHIP 10TH ANNIVERSARY was last modified: November 22nd, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
FIRE crews have been hailed as heroes after saving the life of a pensioner in a fire at a pub.The 93-year-old was asleep above Hughie’s Bar in Killybegs when the fire was spotted at 8am yesterday.The woman, mother of pub owner Hugh O’Donnell, was unhurt. Mr O’Donnell has praised fire crews for their fast response.A second bar at the premises on Main Street was unaffected by the blaze. FIRE CREWS HAILED AS HEROES AS WOMAN (93) RESCUED FROM PUB INFERNO was last modified: November 3rd, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
WASHINGTON – President Bush countered conservative displeasure Saturday with a detailed defense of his Supreme Court nominee, saying White House counsel Harriet Miers would bring to the bench vast experience in the courtroom and at the highest levels of government. “No Supreme Court nominee in the last 35 years has exceeded Harriet Miers’ overall range of experience in courtroom litigation; service in federal, state and local government; leadership in local, state and national bar associations; and pro bono and charitable activities,” Bush said in his weekly radio address. “Throughout her life, Ms. Miers has excelled at everything she has done,” he added. A growing number on the right have expressed displeasure with Bush’s selection of Miers to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the Supreme Court. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 The grumbling stems from Miers’ career, which encompassed 28 years as a corporate attorney in Texas, stints as a member of the Dallas City Council and as chairwoman of the Texas Lottery Commission and, since 2001, as a top member of Bush’s White House staff. None of the positions provides a public record clearly identifying her as a strong conservative. Some worry that Miers could end up disappointing the right much like Justice David Souter, a little-known judge nominated to the court in 1990 by President George H.W. Bush who later turned out to be more liberal than expected. Other critics have expressed concern about her lack of experience grappling with constitutional reasoning. Robert Bork – whose nomination to the high court was rejected by the Senate in 1987 – called the choice of Miers “a disaster on every level.” “It’s a little late to develop a constitutional philosophy or begin to work it out when you’re on the court already,” Bork said Friday on MSNBC’s “The Situation with Tucker Carlson.” “It’s kind of a slap in the face to the conservatives who’ve been building up a conservative legal movement for the last 20 years.” Bush sought to give a rebuttal to the critics – offering a point-by-point recounting of her background and talents that revealed the level of concern at the White House about the conservative reaction. The president touted the “hundreds of cases in state and federal courts, from massive commercial litigation to criminal cases to civil disputes” that Miers handled as an attorney at a large Texas law firm. And he said, as White House counsel Miers addresses complex matters of constitutional law and “sensitive issues of executive-congressional relations.” Bush also spoke glowingly of a candidate outside the realm of sitting judges. Since 1933, he said, 10 of the 34 justices – such as the late Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist – came to the Supreme Court directly from positions in the executive branch. “Harriet Miers will be prudent in exercising judicial power and firm in defending judicial independence,” he said. As of Friday, the end of Miers’ first week as the nominee, she had met with 16 senators. She was spending the weekend in Texas gathering material from her legal career to answer the Senate’s questions, White House spokeswoman Dana Perino said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Donegal GAA star Karl Lacey believes his former manager Jim McGuinness can make it all the way to the top in professional football management. Karl Lacey believes McGuinness can go all the way to the top in professional football management.McGuinness’s success in Ireland with the Donegal GAA team has been well documented and was seen by many as revolutionary figure within the GAA.His success propelled him into a full-time position with Celtic FC. McGuinness initially employed as a Sports Performance Consultant with the Academy sides at Celtic.However, he was quickly promoted to work with the first-team following the arrival of Ronnie Delia to the club.McGuinness is highly regarded at Celtic, and Delia has spoken several times of the importance of McGuinness’s role within his back-room team.McGuinness has began taking his coaching badges and was spotted at several FAI coaching courses over the last number of months. That has sparked speculation that McGuinness is keen to make the crossover from GAA management to professional football management.Lacey feels if that is what McGuinness wants to do then then he will do it and be successful at it.Lacey said, “Jim will go to the top if he really wanted to.“He’s obviously thinking about management or coaching in the soccer club, as he’s doing his badges through the FAI.“I never had the conversation with him about it. But I see he was in Saracens (rugby club) there as well, so he’s opened huge doors for himself.“He’s a big sporting personality in Ireland. He’s got the CV, he’s had the success.“Jim’s not my focus now for the summer time – hopefully we’ll catch up with him and we’re always good friends.” Advertisement LACEY BELIEVES MCGUINNESS CAN MANAGE AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL IN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL was last modified: April 30th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GAAJim McGuinnesskarl laceynewsSport